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Back pain is pain localized to the lower back, which is also known as the lumbar spine region. Back pain can come from several different structures in the lower back including the lumbar spine bones or joints, discs, muscles, or nerves. Common causes of back pain include poor posture, strain from an injury or lifting. Diagnoses can include muscle strain, lumbar disc herniation, degenerative disc disease, lumbar facet mediated pain, lumbar spondylosis, lumbar spinal stenosis as well as sacroiliac joint pain.