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At the start, MND usually affects the muscles in one of the following body parts causing the following symptoms:
Over time, more of these body parts are affected. This can occur in any order and by the advanced stage of MND, all of them are affected, causing severe physical disabilities.
Sensory nerves which control sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell are not affected.
Although some persons with MND may describe some brain ‘fogginess’ or suffer dementia, around half of persons with MND continue to think clearly and are fully aware of what is going on throughout their illness.