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What the liver does
Keeping an eye on the liver
The two fields of medicine concerned with keeping the liver healthy are:
How liver disease is diagnosed
Tips for a healthy liver
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) occurs when excess fat builds up in the liver of people who consume little or no alcohol, while alcoholinduced fatty liver disease is caused by heavy drinking.
Excess fat in the liver causes it to enlarge and function abnormally. Risk factors for NAFLD include obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension and a sedentary lifestyle. Patients with NAFLD may develop liver cirrhosis and liver failure if their liver conditions worsen.
Read more: Up to 1 in 3 Singaporeans has fatty liver disease. But did you know it is reversible? Click to find out how.
Cirrhosis is a long-term chronic disease where the liver becomes scarred and is unable to function properly. Cirrhosis can be caused by factors such as viral hepatitis or inflammation of the liver, NAFLD and long-term alcohol use. Left untreated, cirrhosis can result in complications such as liver cancer and liver failure.
Symptoms of this condition include:
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