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Back Spinal Surgery

Back Spinal Surgery - Symptoms

Back Spinal Surgery - How to prevent?

Back Spinal Surgery - Causes and Risk Factors

No surgery is without risk, even for a healthy person. Your surgeon will discuss the risks and complications with you.
General complications:

  • Allergic reaction to drugs, anaesthetic agents, blood transfusions and products
  • Bleeding
  • Infections
  • Stroke
  • Death

Specific complications related to spine surgery:

  • Nerve or spinal cord damage, which can result in paralysis, numbness and/or limb weakness
  • Persistent pain (or other abnormal sensations)
  • Infection of the surgical wound
  • Pressure ulcers/abrasion (position related)
  • Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
  • Bladder and bowel changes
  • Spinal cord/nerve injury
  • Visual impairment
  • Need for additional unplanned procedures or revision surgery
  • Unsatisfactory position or failure of spinal implants
  • Failure of fusion
  • Excessive bleeding or excessive blood clot formation
  • Formation of blood clot within a major vein (Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT)
  • Major blood vessel injury
  • Blood clot on the spinal cord (Spinal epidural haematoma)
  • Paralysis from spinal cord reperfusion effect – this is an uncommon complication that causes a stroke-like effect in the spinal cord.

Back Spinal Surgery - Diagnosis

Back Spinal Surgery - Treatments