Find out more about our Academic Medical Centre and efforts in Academic Medicine
Find out more about what JOAM do to support AM initiatives
Academic Medicine Executive Committee (AM EXCO)
Our appointed ACP leaders within the respective 15 ACPs
Guidelines, forms, and templates for Academic Medicine.
Cyclical breast pain
Although cyclical breast pain is linked to the menstrual cycle, it can also be associated with taking contraceptive pills, certain anti-depressant drugs, or even stress.
Non-cyclical breast pain It may be due to breast infection, previous breast surgery etc. However, in many cases, it is not entirely known what causes true non-cyclical breast pain that is not linked to the menstrual cycle.
Extra mammary or chest wall pain could be related to an underlying problem such as inflammation (swelling) of the chest wall, known as costochondritis which affects parts of the ribs. The pain could also be the result of underlying muscle injury, heart problem etc.