Find out more about our Academic Medical Centre and efforts in Academic Medicine
Find out more about what JOAM do to support AM initiatives
Academic Medicine Executive Committee (AM EXCO)
Our appointed ACP leaders within the respective 15 ACPs
Guidelines, forms, and templates for Academic Medicine.
Cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease, is a range of conditions that affects the heart. It is the leading cause of death globally, with 17.9 million death each year. (Source: World Health Organization)The types of cardiovascular disease include:
The symptoms of cardiovascular disease varies, depending on the specific heart condition one has.
While heart valve disease often does not show any symptoms until the condition worsens, some of the general symptoms include:
While certain types of cardiovascular disease cannot be prevented, such as congenital heart disease, adopting to a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of developing a heart disease.
The causes of cardiovascular disease varies, depending on the specific heart condition one has.Some of the common type of heart disease and its causes are:
An individual is more likely to develop cardiovascular disease if they have one or more of the following risk factors:
A typical diagnosis of heart disease starts from a physical examination and assessment of the patient’s medical history. Based on the findings of the assessment, the doctor may request for one or more selected cardiac diagnostic tests to be performed for the patient.Some examples of additional diagnostic tests are:
The type of treatment for cardiovascular disease varies and is based on specific diagnosis of the heart condition. In general, treatment for cardiovascular disease includes: