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Coronary Atherosclerosis

Coronary Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatments | SingHealth

Coronary Atherosclerosis - How to prevent?

There are many ways one can prevent coronary atherosclerosis:

  • Eat a healthy diet: Eat foods that are high in fibre and wholegrains. Avoid foods with excessive salt, sugar or saturated fats 
Recommended servings of different food types for better heart health. 

  • Regular exercise: Aerobic exercises such as jogging, brisk walking or cycling are the best types of exercises for heart health. One should ideally complete 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise each week. Please seek your doctor’s advice if you are unsure of the suitable level of intensity for yourself.  
  • Achieving and maintaining a healthy body mass index (BMI): The healthy range for Asians is from 18.5 to 22.9 kg/m2.
  • Get sufficient sleep: One should aim to get six to eight hours of sleep daily. Inadequate sleep (≤4 hours) or excess sleep (≥10 hours) has been associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease
  • Stop smoking: Smoking contributes to atherosclerosis and increases the risk of a heart attack. Many smoking cessation aids can improve your chances of success in trying to quit smoking. Speak to your doctor for help with quitting smoking.
  • Reduce alcohol consumption: You should not take more than 2 glasses of wine or 1 can of beer a day. 

Coronary Atherosclerosis - Preparing for surgery

Coronary Atherosclerosis - Post-surgery care