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Nephrotic Syndrome

Nephrotic Syndrome - Symptoms

Nephrotic Syndrome - How to prevent?

Nephrotic Syndrome - Causes and Risk Factors

​Nephrotic syndrome can be primary, meaning damage is confined to the kidneys alone,
or it can be secondary, meaning organs other than the kidney are also affected.

Primary causes

  • Minimal change disease (MCD) is a kidney disease that can occur in both adults and
    children The disease gets its name because the damage to the glomeruli cannot be
    seen under a regular microscope and can only be seen under a powerful microscope
    called an electron microscope

  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common cause of nephrotic
    syndrome in adults. FSGS can cause collapse and scarring of some glomeruli
    Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a condition in which the walls of the glomerular
    blood vessels become thickened

Secondary causes

  • Diabetes mellitus causing diabetic kidney disease is common in patients with diabetes
    who have chronically elevated blood glucose levels and/or high blood pressure
    Patients with more advanced disease can develop the nephrotic syndrome

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that can affect multiple
    organs of the body, including the kidney, causing nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic Syndrome - Preparing for surgery

Nephrotic Syndrome - Post-surgery care