Find out more about our Academic Medical Centre and efforts in Academic Medicine
Find out more about what JOAM do to support AM initiatives
Academic Medicine Executive Committee (AM EXCO)
Our appointed ACP leaders within the respective 15 ACPs
Guidelines, forms, and templates for Academic Medicine.
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is congenital and thus, it is difficult to prevent your baby from having this condition. However, a healthy pregnancy is still crucial to minimising the risks of VSD. Here are some steps you can take:
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect which means that problems occur during the early stages of the heart’s development. Although genetic and environmental factors have been found to contribute to the presence of VSD, no clear cause of VSD has been found. Generally, genetics are recognised as the biggest risk factor for VSD and it can be associated with other genetic problems as well. In rare cases, VSD can also be developed later in life as a result of a heart attack or previous heart procedures.